Philosophy and argumentation in society (PAIS)

This research group is devoted to developing theoretical tools and methodologies capable of addressing philosophical questions in practice, contributing to societal challenges. With a focus on argumentation and reasoning, theoretically grounded tools and methods are developed to analyse the functioning of language, communication, and reasoning in different domains of practice: political discourse, medical communication, educational dialogues, advertising, legal texts and discussions, among others. Group members combine academic expertise from the fields of philosophy, cognitive science, linguistics, discourse analysis, and multimodal and digital communication, with specialized knowledge of the specific areas of practice that are investigated through the usage of diverse research methods (qualitative, quantitative, experimental, mixed).

 

At a theoretical level, the group’s work contributes to the fields of argumentation, pragmatics, philosophy of mind, education, and psychology. At an empirical level, the researchers apply their innovative tools and methodologies to a diversity of settings (education, health, politics, etc.), leading to insightful analysis of human practices. Underlying the diversity characteristic of this group is a conviction of the importance of the interconnection between theory making and the practical applications it enables. Some specific areas of research include:

 

• Philosophy and critical thinking in education
• The impact of analogical and metaphorical reasoning in various settings
• Political reasoning and argumentation
• Medical and health communication
• Discourse and text analysis
• Philosophy contribution to creative process
• Philosophy for children
• Philosophical tools for various pilot projects in education and research

Publications
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books
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2022
ArgLab • books
Conceptions of Childhood and Moral Education in Philosophy for Children
Conceptions of Childhood and Moral Education in Philosophy for Children
Dina Mendonça & Florian Franken Figueiredo (Eds.)
Basingstoke: Springer Nature (forthcoming)
2022
ArgLab • books
Return to Cambridge: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy in 1929
Return to Cambridge: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy in 1929
Florian Franken Figueiredo (Ed.)
Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming)
book chapters
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2022
ArgLab • book chapters
Conceptual analysis as a means for teaching intellectual virtues in P4C
Conceptual analysis as a means for teaching intellectual virtues in P4C
Florian Franken Figueiredo
D. Mendonça & F. Franken Figueiredo (Eds.), Conceptions of Childhood and Moral Education in Philosophy for Children. Basingstoke: Springer Nature (forthcoming).
Articles in peer-reviewed journals
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2022
ArgLab • Articles in peer-reviewed journals
Wittgenstein’s investigations on probability
Wittgenstein’s investigations on probability
Florian Franken Figueiredo
Philosophical Investigations (forthcoming).
2022
ArgLab • Articles in peer-reviewed journals
On the concept of childhood in Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations
On the concept of childhood in Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations
Florian Franken Figueiredo
Wittgenstein-Studien (forthcoming).
2022
ArgLab • Articles in peer-reviewed journals
The use of words as technical objects: Chinese symbols, Wittgenstein’s builders, and the rise of the machines
The use of words as technical objects: Chinese symbols, Wittgenstein’s builders, and the rise of the machines
Florian Franken Figueiredo
Philosophy and Technology (forthcoming).
Research Projects
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